PPG1007, Section I – Week 5

… agenda for PPG1007, section I, 7 February 2018

Class mission statement

Interests, Stakeholders, and Perspectives on Change

1 – Outline of the meeting

2 – Reflections on last week’s meeting with Swain, Scott, and Scotton

3 – First-round Briefing Notes and February Meeting with Instructor

4 – Presentation and discussion of selected concepts from Interests and the Policy Process; Problem Definition and Agenda Setting; and Models of Decision Making

Leonard’s Note on Public Sector Strategy-Building



Endowment Effect

Issue Framing

Consulting Stakeholders and Engaging Citizens

Policy Window

Open Policy Making

Rational Decision Making Model

Lindblom’s Incrementalism and Muddling Through

5 – Breakout groups (15 minutes)

Each group brainstorms a subset of the institutional players in the First Nations Drinking Water issue, identifying interests, incentives, and perspectives on change, and their negotiating power relative to others:

  • Group 1: the Council of a First Nations community (noting differences between remote communities and those closer to metropolitan centres with better prospects for increasing own-source revenue)
  • Group 2: the ISC Regional Operations Sector and the ISC Ontario Regional Office
  • Group 3: the Minister/Deputy Minister of Indigenous Services and the central agencies of government
  • Group 4: provincial and municipal governments, nonprofit groups, the media

6 – 3-minute briefs on breakout group conclusions, followed by discussion, including where to reach out


7  (3:30 PM) – Special guest Vass Bednar (MPP 2010), Senior Policy Associate at Airbnb

8 – “Ask Me Anything” session with Vass Bednar

NOTE: Vass Bednar is scheduled to be with us until 4:30 PM

9 – Presentation of supplementary concepts from Interests, Stakeholders, and Perspectives on Change

Pal’s Glossary of Conceptualizing Interests in Policymaking

Competing Values in Governance and Institutions

Guardians vs. Spenders

Intergovernmental Relations

Policy Community

Advocacy Coalitions

Policy Networks

Policy Images

10 – From HBR Management Tip of the Day:

February 05, 2018

Solve a Problem by Thinking About the Worst Possible Solution

If you need to come up with a new idea, stop trying to think of the best one. Instead, imagine the worst idea possible: What would be the wrong way to solve this problem? What do our customers absolutely not want? How could we make all of our stakeholders angry? Try to come up with ideas that would get you laughed at (or maybe even fired), and then work backward from there to find new ways of solving the problem. This process, called “wrong thinking” or “reverse thinking,” isn’t always easy to do. You can start by trying to see the problem as a beginner would. What would someone who knows nothing about the context suggest? When you give yourself permission to have bad ideas, you often come up with the best ones.

Adapted from “To Come Up with a Good Idea, Start by Imagining the Worst Idea Possible,” by Ayse Birsel

11 – Other matters

12 – Next week: PPG1007 Week 6, Designing the Delivery Model and Improving Performance

  • Bardach, Eugene. A Practical Guide for Policy Analysis. (Washington: CQ Press, 2009). Part 1. ‘The Eightfold Path, Step One: Define the Problem’, 1-10 and Appendix B, ‘Things Governments Do’, 141-149.
  • Bovens, Mark and Stavros Zouridis, ‘From street-level to system-level bureaucracies: how information and communication technology is transforming administrative discretion and constitutional control’, in Public Administration Review, 62.2, March/April 2002, 174-181.
  • 3-minute briefings on policy instruments for addressing First Nations Drinking Water

Page created by: Ian Clark, last modified 7 February 2018. Highlighting for Week 12 added 2 April 2018.