Simeon et al. (reference below, p. 67) describe multiple identities as one of the underpinnings of federalism in that “Citizens can be members of both a national community, ideally embodied in the national government, and provincial communities reflected in their provincial governments.”
“Federalism is thus about the coexistence of multiple loyalties and identities; about divided and shared authority; “national standards” and provincial variation; “self-rule” and “shared rule”; “coming together” and “coming apart.” Finding the right balance among these is the trick. Much survey evidence confirms that Canadians are, indeed , federalists in this sense, valuing both their national and their provincial identities.”
Atlas topic, subject, and course
Richard Simeon, Ian Robinson, and Jennifer Wallner (2014) “The Dynamics of Canadian Federalism,” in Canadian Politics, 6th ed., eds. James Bickerton and Alain-G. Gagnon, pp. 65-91. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. For the quote in the top paragraph, they cite: Edwin Black (1975). Divided Loyalties: Canadian Concepts of Federalism, Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
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