Concepts Listed in Alphabetical Order

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This page provides the list, in alphabetical order, of Atlas concept pages as of 2 December 2019. As of this date there were 1,037 Atlas concepts with pages: 891 have their pages on the Atlas and the other 146 concepts, which are marked with an asterisk (*), have their pages on the OnlineStatBook at


Abele and Prince’s Four Models of Aboriginal Self-Government

Aboriginal Peoples

Aboriginal Title

Above-normal Profit

Absolute Advantage

Absolute Inequality

Abuse of Authority

Access to Information (Freedom of Information) Policies


Accountability Framework

Accounting Officer

Action-Forcing Mechanisms

Activating Ambition

Active Audience

Additional Measures*


Administrative Law

Administrative Tribunals

Administrative Tribunals and Municipal Government

Adverse Selection

Advice for Women Negotiators

Advocacy Coalition

Affirmative Action

Agenda Setting and Media Bias

Agents of Parliament

Aggregate Demand

Aggregative Model of Democracy

Airline Regulation and Wasteful Quality

All Pairwise Comparisons Among Means *

Allison’s Three Models of Government Action

Amending Formulas

Analogies and Metaphors

Andrew Coyne’s Tips for Writing a Column

ANOVA Designs*


Areas of Normal Distributions*

Aristotle’s 3 Rhetorical Appeals – Logos, Ethos, and Pathos

Assertiveness and Likeability

Assumption of Convex Preferences

Assumption of Monotonic Preferences

Assumption of Transitive Preferences

Asymmetric Information

Asymmetric Information and Insurance

Asymmetrical Federalism

Attribution Problem

Aucoin’s New Public Governance

Auditor Independence

Authority and Credibility

Autocratic Leadership

Average Cost


Balance of Industries and Creative Destruction

Balance of Power

Bar Charts*

Bardach’s Eightfold Path to More Effective Problem Solving

Bardach’s Implementation Game

Bardach’s Step One – Define the Problem

Bardach’s Things Governments Do

Barriers to Entry

Base Rates*

Basic Concepts*

Basic Op-Ed Structure

Basics of Data Collection*

BATNA – Best Alternative to a Negotiated Agreement

Bayes’ Theorem*

Becoming Self-aware

Beginning with a Grabber

Behavioural Competency

Behavioural Economics

Behn’s Craft of Memo Writing

Benefit of a Subsidy – Economic vs. Legal Incidence

Benefits of Distribution-Free Tests*

Best Practices Advice on the Atlas


Bias and Variability Simulation*

Big Five Personality Traits

Bilateral Negotiation with Specific Reciprocity

Binomial Demonstration*

Binomial Distribution*

Birthday Simulation*

Body Language and Posture

Bounded Rationality

Box Plot Demonstration*

Box Plots*

Box-Cox Transformations*

Break-even Price

Briefing and Minimizing Surprises

Broken Windows Theory

Brooks’ Axes for Party Realignment – Individual-Social and Closed-Open

Budget Constraint

Budget Line

Building a Learning Organization


Burden of a Tax – Economic vs. Legal Incidence

Burke’s Conception of an Elected Representative

Bystanders Surplus


Cabinet Decision-Making System

Cabinet Documents

Cabinet Selection

Cabinet Solidarity and Secrecy

Calder Decision of the Supreme Court of Canada, 1973

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

Canadian Courts of Law

Canadian Intergovernmental Conference Secretariat


Categories of Program Evaluation

Causal Effect


Central Limit Theorem*

Central Tendency

Central Tendency*

Centre of Excellence

Centre vs. Periphery

Change in Demand vs. Change in Quantity Demanded

Change in Supply vs. Change in Quantity Supplied

Change Management

Characteristics of Estimators*

Charter Dialogue between Courts and Legislatures

Chi Square Distribution*

Cialdini’s 6 Principles of Persuasion Science

Civil Service Learning’s “What does good learning look like?”

Civil Society

Claims, Reason, and Evidence

Classical Federalism


Clerk of the Privy Council

Club Good

Coase Theorem

Codes of Conduct

Cognitive Dissonance

Collaborative Federalism

Collecting Information

Collective Action


Command and Control Solutions vs. Taxes and Subsidies

Commissioner of Lobbying

Commodity Taxes

Common Law

Common Resource

Communication Nudges and Behavioural Economics

Communications Plan

Comparative Advantage

Comparing Audit and Evaluation

Comparing measures*

Compensating Differentials

Competencies Targeted in Public Manager Training

Competing Values in Governance and Institutions

Competitive Bargaining vs. Cooperative Problem Solving

Competitive Federalism

Competitive Model of Democracy



Computing Pearson’s r*


Concept Creep

Conditional Probability*

Conditionality and Reporting Requirements

Condorcet’s Paradox

Conducting a Meeting

Confidence Interval for a Proportion*

Confidence Interval for Pearson’s Correlation*

Confidence Interval for the Difference Between Means*

Confidence Interval for the Mean*

Confidence Interval Simulation*

Confidence Intervals*

Confirmation Bias

Conflict of Interest and Ethics Commissioner

Conformity, Similarity, and Social Proof


Consistency and Commitment

Constant Cost Industries


Constitution of Canada

Constitution of the United States

Constitutional Convention of a Politically Neutral Civil Service

Constitutional Conventions

Constitutional Federalism

Constitutional Law

Constitutional Laws

Constitutional Monarchy

Consulting Stakeholders and Engaging Citizens

Consumer Surplus

Consumer Theory

Contingency Tables*

Contour Plots*

Contradictions of Liberal Democracy


Contrasting Purposes of Evaluation

Contributors to Growth

Controlling Uptalk and Like

Conventions vs. Laws

Convergence Theory

Cooperative Federalism

Corner Solution

Correlated t Simulation*

Corruption and Public Integrity

Cost-Benefit Analysis in Evaluation

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Costs and Benefits of Monopoly

Council of the Federation

Countering Opposition

Counter-intuitive Sources and Arguments

Creating a Coalition

Creating a Team

Creating Smart Objectives

Creative Destruction

Criminal Law

Crisis Management

Critical Theory

Critical Thinking

Crown Prerogative

Cultural Differences


Davis-Moore Hypothesis


Deadweight Loss

Dealing with Ambiguity

Dealing with Difficult People

Dealing with Uncertainty


Decline of Deference

Deep Policy Reform vs. Normal Policy Making


Degrees of Freedom*

Delegation Matrix

Delegation of Authority

Delgamuukw Decision of the Supreme Court of Canada, 1997

Deliberative Model of Democracy


Delivery Chain

Demand Curve

Demand Curve Shifts


Democratic Deficit

Deontological Ethics

Department of Finance


Derived Demand

Descriptive Statistics*

Determining Sources of Complexity

Determining the Nature of the Leadership Challenge

Determining Who Is Us (Our People)

Developers, Citizens, and Local Government

Developing an Action Plan

Developing Mission and Vision Statements

Developing Resilience

Developing Successful Strategies

Difference between Means*

Difference between Two Means (Correlated Pairs)*

Difference between Two Means (Independent Groups)*

Digital Government and e-Government

Diminishing Returns

Direct Spending

Dirty Hands

Discount Rate


Distribution of Powers



Diversity and Equality

Division of Knowledge

Division of Labour

Doing Nothing as a Policy Instrument

Dot Plots*

Downs’ Typology of Officials

Due Diligence

Dunn’s Four-stage Process of Communicating Policy-relevant Knowledge

Duty to Accommodate

Dynamic Efficiency

Dynamic Resource Reallocation



Economic Efficiency

Economic Inequality

Economic Model

Economic Rationalism


Economics and Ideology

Economies of Scale

Effects of Transformations*

Efficiency Evaluation

Efficient Equilibrium

Eggers & O’Leary’s Project Management Framework for Implementation

Elasticity of Demand

Elasticity of Demand and Total Revenue

Elasticity of Supply

Electoral Systems

Elevator Pitch

Eliminating Filler Words

Elite Theory

Emergency Management

Empathy and Listening

Encouraging Experimentation

Encouraging Innovation by Rewarding Risk

Ending Memorably

Endowment Effect


Engaging the Issue (Getting on the Dance Floor)

Engel Curve


Entry, Exit, and Sunk Costs

Equalization Formula


Estimating Variance Simulation*

Events, Dear Boy, Events

Example Calculations*

Excludable Good

Executive Power

Expectations vs. Reality in Crisis Management

Experiential Learning

Experimental Designs*

Expert Authority


Extensive Margin

External Audit

External Benefit

External Cost


Eye Contact


Factors Affecting Power*

Factors of Production

Fayol’s Theory of Administration


Fiduciary Duty

Finding Balance

Fiscal Imbalance

Fisher and Ury’s Four Principles of Negotiation

Fixed Costs

Fixed Input

Focusing Event

Forced Rider

Formative Evaluation

Forum of Federations

Framing Effect

Framing the Problem


Fraud, Waste, and Abuse in Benefit Programs

Free Riding

Free Trade

Frequency Polygons*



G, H

Gaining Standing

Gains from Trade

Gambler’s Fallacy*

Game Theory

Ganz’s Pedagogy as Practice

Gartner Hype Cycle

Gender Differences at the Top

Gender Differences in Competitiveness

Gender Differences in Criminality

Gender Differences in Earnings (Gender Wage Gap)

Gender Differences in Health

Gender Differences in Personality

Gender Differences in Self-Esteem

Gender Differences in the Brain

Gender Differences in Variability

Geography and Growth


Giffen Good

Global Affairs


Good Governance

Google-knowing vs. Understanding


Governance vs. Self-Government


Government Program

Governor General of Canada

Grants and Contributions

Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

Growth Miracles and Growth Disasters

Growth Rates and National Wealth

Guardians vs. Spenders

Guessing Correlations Simulation*

Haidt’s 6 Innate Moral Foundations

Haidt’s Telos Choice – Either Truth or Social Justice

Having Fun

Hawthorne Effect

Head of State vs. Head of Government


Heifetz’s Adaptive Work

Her Majesty The Queen




Hockey Stick of Human Prosperity

Hogwood & Gunn’s Elements for Successful Implementation

Homo Economicus



Human Capital

Human Capital and Signaling

Human Resource Management Reforms

Human Rights Commissions

Human Rights Laws

Human Rights Tribunals


Hypergeometric Distribution*


Ideas in Good Currency

Identifying Allies

Identifying Best Practices

Identifying Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats (SWOT)

Identity and Identity Politics

Identity and Rights

Illiberal Democracy vs Undemocratic Liberalism

Impact Evaluation


Implementation Theory

Implementation vs. Policy Design

Implications of Nonlinearity and Complexity

Implicit Bias and the Harvard Implicit Association Test

Importance of Statistics*


Incentives and Introduction to Economics

Income Distribution

Income Effect

Income Inequality

Income Offer Curve

Income Tax

Increasing Cost Industries

Incrementality and Fungibility

Indifference Curve


Indigenous Rights

Industry Clusters and Decreasing Cost Industries

Inferential Statistics for b and r*

Inferential Statistics*

Influential Observations*

Inherent Right of Self-Government


Innovation and Growth

Innovation Hub

Institutional Theories – Historical, Sociological, and New Institutionalism


Institutions and Growth

Instrumental Variable

Integrated Risk Management

Integrated Service Delivery

Intensive Margin

Interest Group


Intergovernmental Relations

Internal Auditing

Internal Control

International Economics

International Order

International Relations

Interpreting Non-Significant Results*

Interpreting Significant Results*


Intrinsic Motivation

Introduction to ANOVA*

Introduction to Bivariate Data*

Introduction to Confidence Intervals*

Introduction to Estimation*

Introduction to Hypothesis Testing*

Introduction to Multiple Regression*

Introduction to Normal Distributions*

Introduction to Probability*

Introduction to Sampling*

Introduction to Simple Linear Regression*

Invisible Hand

Isoquant Curve

Issue Framing

J, K, L

Jessim’s Analysis of Stereotype Accuracy

Judicial Councils

Judicial Evaluation Model

Judicial Power

Judicial Review

Judicialization of Politics


Kennedy School’s Value-Capacity-Support Model

Kernaghan’s Bureaucratic/Post-bureaucratic Framework

Kernaghan’s Classification of Partnerships

Klitgaard’s Policy Analysis and Evaluation Version 2.0

Knowing the Audience

Knowing the Context

Knowledge Management

Kouzes and Posner’s Leadership Model

Ladder of Abstraction

Laissez-Faire Leadership

Laissez-faire or Liberal Economics

Land Claims

Lasswell’s Policy Sciences

Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility

Learning and Development for OPS Executives

Learning and Forgetting Curves

Learning from Failure

Lede and Subhead

Ledes and News Hooks

Legislative Power

Leonard’s Note on Public Sector Strategy-Building

Levels of Measurement*

Lewin’s 3 Leadership Styles

Libertarian Paternalism

Lieutenant Governor of Ontario


Lindblom’s Incrementalism and Muddling Through

Line Graphs*

Linear Fit Demo*

Linear Transformations*

Local Government

Local Government Functions



Logic Models

Long Run


Machinery of Government

Machinery of Municipal Government


Majoritarian Democracy

Making Slide Presentations

Making Your Story Sticky with S.U.C.C.E.S.

Management Accountability Framework

Management Consulting

Management Differences between Public and Private Sectors

Management Improvement Methodologies – TQM, Six Sigma, and Lean

Managing Stress

Managing Time

Marginal and Marginalism

Marginal Cost

Marginal Product of Labour

Marginal Rate of Substitution

Marginal Revenue

Marginal Revenue Product of Labour

Marginal Utility

Market Equilibrium

Market Failure

Market Power

Markets Link Different Goods

Markets Link Geographically

Markets Link Over Time – Speculation

Maximizing Behaviour

Maximizing Profit under Competition

Maximizing Profit under Monopoly

Mean and Median


Measures of Central Tendency*

Measures of Variability*

Median and Mean *

Median Voter Theorem

Meeting Deadlines in Team Projects

Meeting in Person

Merit Principle




Midpoint Formula for Elasticity

Minimization of Total Industry Costs of Production

Minimum Wage

Ministerial Responsibility

Minority Rights


Misconduct vs. Deficiency

Modern Comptrollership


Monopoly Markup

Monopoly Pricing and Elasticity of Demand

Monty Hall Problem*

Moore’s Legitimacy and Support Perspective

Moore’s Operational Capacity Perspective

Moore’s Strategic Triangle

Moral Dilemma

Moral Hazard

Morality Policy

Motivated Reasoning



Multi-Factor ANOVA (Between-Subjects)*

Multilateral Collaboration with Diffuse Reciprocity


Multilevel Governance

Multilevel Governance in Cities

Multinomial Distribution*

Multiple Identities

Municipal Elections

Municipal Finance

Municipal Organizations

Municipal Special Purpose Bodies

Myers-Briggs Personality Type Indicator (MBTI)


Narcissistic Alexithymia – A Psychological Diagnosis of Donald Trump

Narrative Theory

National Security

National Spending vs Factor Income Components of GDP

National Wealth

Nation-to-Nation Relationship


Natural Justice

Negative Income Tax



Nesta – A Global Innovation Foundation

Net Present Value (NPV)

Net Welfare Costs of Protectionism

Network Targets

Networked Governance


New Public Management

Niskanen’s Budget Maximizing Model

Nominal vs. Real GDP

Non-excludable Good

Nonprofit Organization

Non-rival Good

Non-Status Indians

Normal Approximation to the Binomial*

Normal Distributions

Normal Good vs. Inferior Good

Normal Profit

Normative Ethics

Normed Topic

Not-Invented-Here (NIH) Syndrome


Occupational Ghettoization

OECD’s Observatory of Public Sector Innovation

Office of the Premier

Omitted Variable Bias

One- and Two-Tailed Tests*

One-Factor ANOVA (Between-Subjects)*

One-Way Comparisons*

One-Way Tables (Testing Goodness of Fit)*

Open Federalism

Open Government

Open Policy Making

Operational Management

Opportunity Cost

Organic Statutes

Organization Chart

Organizational Behaviour

Organizational Control

Organizational Culture

Organizational Policies

Organizational Structure Types

Organizational Theory


Orren’s 20 Principles of Persuasion

Overcoming Procrastination


Pairwise Comparisons (Correlated Observations)*

Pal’s Aspects of Problem Definition

Pal’s Classification of Policy Instruments

Pal’s Comparison of Academic and Policy Research

Pal’s Elements of Policy Content

Pal’s Glossary of Conceptualizing Interests in Policymaking

Pal’s Good Governance Benchmarks

Pal’s Types of Reasoning in Policy Analysis

Panel Data

Papillon’s Mosaic of Aboriginal Governance

Pareto Efficiency

Parliament vs Congress

Parliamentary Supremacy

Participative Leadership

Participatory Governance

Partitioning Sums of Squares*

Partnerships and Horizontal Management

Party Discipline

Party Leader Selection and Deselection


Path Dependence

Paying Attention to Instructions and Templates

Pendulum Metaphor


Perfect Competition

Perfect Price Discrimination

Performance Audit

Performance Improvement and Performance Leadership

Performance Measurement

Performance Reporting

Performance-Related Pay

Permutations and Combinations*

Personal Circumstances and Redistribution Preferences

Personal vs. Social Responsibility



Pfeffer’s Management BS Critique


Physical Capital and Diminishing Returns

Pigouvian Subsidy

Pigouvian Tax

Poisson Distribution*

Policy Advisory Systems

Policy Analysis

Policy Analysis and Policy Evaluation

Policy Analysis’s Impact on Policymaking

Policy Capacity

Policy Community

Policy Consistency

Policy Crises, Policy Entrepreneurs, and Political Entrepreneurs

Policy Cycle

Policy Design

Policy Design and Social Values

Policy Feedback

Policy Images

Policy Issue Paper

Policy Lab

Policy Networks

Policy Process

Policy Window

Political (Party) Platform

Political Advocacy

Political Aide

Political Business Cycle

Political Correctness

Political Economy

Political Elites

Political Executive

Political Executive vs. Civil Service

Political Left

Political Management

Political Neutrality

Political Party

Political Right


Politics of Difference

Popular Authority


Positive (or Descriptive) vs. Normative

Positivism vs. Post-positivism (and Constructivism)

Postmodernist Critiques of Rational Decision Making

Postmodernist Policy Analysis

Power and Null Hypothesis*

Power Demo 1*

Power Demo 2*

Power Laws, Pareto Distributions, and Performance

Power of Within-Subjects Designs*

PowerPoint and Data Visualization

Practicing Integrative Thinking

Practicing the Presentation

Prediction Markets




Pre-speech Warm Ups

Pressman & Wildavsky’s Implementation Model

Price as Signal and Incentive

Price Ceilings

Price Controls and Communism

Price Discrimination

Price Floors

Prime Minister

Prime Minister as CEO

Prime Minister as First Among Equals

Prime Minister’s Office

Prime Ministerial Prerogatives

Primers for Polemicists – Comparing Rules from Harries and Alinsky

Principal-Agent Problem

Prisoners’ Dilemma

Private Benefit

Private Cost



Privy Council Office


Problem-Based, Project-Based, and Team-Based Learning

Procedural Fairness

Process Evaluation

Producer Surplus

Producer Theory

Producer Theory Calculus

Production Function

Production Possibility Frontier



Programs and Budgeting

Progressive Taxation

Project-based vs. Program-based Federal Involvement in Urban Affairs

Properties of Pearson’s r*

Property Rights

Propitious Selection




Provincial Controls over Local Government

Provincial Ministers of Municipal Affairs

Public Administration

Public Authority

Public Choice Theory

Public Finance

Public Good

Public Interest

Public Management

Public Opinion

Public Opinion Research

Public Policy

Public Sector Innovation

Public Sector Integrity Commissioner of Canada

Public Sector Leadership and Communication

Public Service Anonymity

Public Service Commission

Public Service Transformation

Public Value

Public Value Account

Public Value Scorecard

Public-Private Partnership Models

Public-Private Partnerships



Q-Q Plots*

Qualitative Variables*

Quality Service and Service Standards

Quantitative Variables*

Quasi-judicial Body

Quasi-Public Corporation



Randomization Tests – Association (Pearson’s r)*

Randomized Controlled Trial (RTC)

Randomized Tests – Contingency Tables (Fisher’s Exact Test)*

Rank Randomization Tests – Association (Spearman’s ρ)*

Rank Randomization Tests – Two Conditions (Mann-Whitney U, Wilcoxon Rank Sum)*

Rank Randomization Tests – Two or More Conditions (Kruskal-Wallis)*

Ratio (Logarithmic) Scale

Rational Choice Theory

Rational Decision Making Model

Reading a Speech

Real GDP Per Capita and the Standard of Living



Recognizing Obliquity

Red Tape Reduction

Regional Minister


Regression Toward the Mean*

Regulatory Compliance and Enforcement Challenges in Social Policy

Religion and Religious Practices

Rent Control


Representative Government


Reputation Risk

Reserve Power



Responsible Government

Restriction of Range*


Returns to Scale


Risk and Risk Management

Risk Assessment

Risk in Public Management

Risk Mapping

Risk Mitigation

Risk Tolerance and Risk Appetite

Rival Good

Robustness Simulation*

Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples

Rule of 70


Sabatier & Muzmanian’s Framework of the Implementation Process


Samara’s Five Potential Electoral Systems

Sample Size*

Sampling Bias

Sampling Bias*

Sampling Distribution of a Proportion*

Sampling Distribution of Difference Between Means*

Sampling Distribution of Pearson’s r*

Sampling Distribution of the Mean

Sampling Distribution of the Mean*

Satisficing Behaviour


Scientific Method*

Secretary of the Cabinet, Ontario


Service Standards

Sexual Orientation


Sheepskin (or Credential) Effects

Short Run

Siege Mentality


Significance Testing and Confidence Intervals*

Significance Testing*

Simple Linear Regression

Simplicity and Clarity

Single Mean*

Situational Theory of Leadership

Skills and Tacit Knowledge

Skogstad’s Four Competing Models of Authority

Smith’s 3-Step Approach to Policy Communication

Social Change

Social Contagion Hypothesis

Social Context

Social Contract

Social Cost

Social Determinants of Health

Social Integration

Social Movement

Social Norms

Social Policy

Social Spending

Social Surplus

Social Tools and Organizational Performance

Social Value

Social Welfare Function


Solidarity vs. Individualism

Solow Model and the Steady State

Solow Model of Economic Growth

Sparrow Decision of the Supreme Court of Canada, 1990

Speaking Truth to Power

Specific Comparisons (Correlated Observations)*

Specific Comparisons*

Speech from the Throne

Speech Pauses

Staff vs. Line Positions


Standard Error of the Estimate*

Standard Normal*

Stare Decisis


State Intervention

Static Efficiency

Staton’s Unbundling Higher Education Framework

Stem and Leaf Displays*

Steps in Hypothesis Testing*


Story Arc


Strategic Public Management


Structural Inequality

Style Guides



Substitution Effect

Summation Notation*

Sunk Costs

Supply and Demand Effects of Tariffs

Supply and Demand for Policy Analysis

Supply Curve

Supply Curve

Supply Curve Shifts

Symbolic Representation and Narrative

Systemic Discrimination


t Distribution Demo*

t distribution*

Taking a Detached (Balcony) Perspective

Taking Responsibility

Talent Management

Targeted vs. Universal Programs


Tax Revenue and Deadweight Loss


Teamwork and Tribal Instincts


Testing Distributions Demo*

Tests Supplementing ANOVA*

The Crown

The Crucial Role of Communication

The Role of Ideas in Policymaking

Theory of Change

There Ain’t No Such Thing As A Free Lunch – TANSTAAFL

Thompson’s Three Models of Public Sector Accountability

Tolerance for Inequality


Total Cost

Total Revenue

Trade Adjustment Assistance

Trade and Child Labour

Trade and Comparative Advantage

Trade and Differing Preferences

Trade and Jobs

Trade and Specialization

Trade and Strategic Industries

Tradeable Allowances


Tradeoff between Leisure and Wages

Tragedy of the Commons

Trait Theory of Leadership

Transaction Costs

Transfer Payment

Transfers to Persons


Treasury Board Secretariat

Treaty Rights


Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada

Tsilhqot’in Decision of the Supreme Court of Canada, 2014


Tukey’s Ladder of Powers*


Type I and Type II Errors

Type I and Type II Errors*

Types of Attitude Change

Typologies of Policy Instruments

U, V

Unequal Sample Sizes*

Unilateral Action with Particular Interests

Unintended Consequences

Unions and Wages

United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP)

Urban Policy vs. Municipal Policy

Using Direct Provision as a Policy Instrument

Using Expenditure-Based Policy Instruments

Using Information-Based Policy Instruments

Using Internationalization as a Policy Instrument

Using Partnership as a Policy Instrument

Using Plain Language

Using Procedural and Institutional Policy Instruments

Using Regulation-Based Policy Instruments

Using Taxation-Based Policy Instruments



Values and Ethics Codes

Values of the Pearson Correlation*


Variable Costs

Variable Input



Variance Explained*

Variance Sum Law I*

Variance Sum Law II*

Varieties of Normal Distributions*

Victimhood Culture

Viewpoint Diversity

Virtue Ethics

VMOSA – Vision, Mission, Objectives, Strategies, and Action Plans

Voice Projection and Volume

W, X, Y, Z

Wage Subsidies vs. Minimum Wage

Watchdog Organizations

Weber’s Theory of Bureaucracy

Welfare Chauvinism

Welfare Dependency

Welfare Economics

Welfare State

Westminster System

What are Statistics?*

What is Central Tendency*

White Paper – Statement of the Government of Canada on Indian Policy, 1969

Why Do Governments Enact Price Controls?

Williams’ Distinction between Real and Counterfeit Leadership

Winners and Losers from Free Trade

Win-Win, Win-Lose, and Lose-Lose Situations

Within-Subjects ANOVA*

Women’s Rights and Men’s Rights Movements

Work Avoidance Mechanisms

Writing a Briefing Note

Writing a Press Release

Writing Summaries

Young and Quinn’s Writing Checklist for Problem Definition

ZOPA – Zone of Possible Agreement


2 x 2 Table Simulation*

3D Plots*

ZOPA – Zone of Possible Agreement

Page created by: Ian Clark, last updated 2 December 2019.

Image: canstockphoto9530711, purchased from CanStockPhoto on 12 December 2015.