Recognizing Values

… a core topic in Leadership Skills and Atlas109
and study materials for Week 13 of Atlas206 Internship Reading

HowValuesDifferTopic description

This topic introduces students to the ways in which people’s values differ, and the concepts associated with two frameworks developed to reveal such differences: Myers Briggs personality types Jonathan Haidt’s moral foundations.

Note: In addition to elaborating a core topic in Leadership Skills and Atlas109, the concepts below constitute study materials for Week 13 of Atlas206 Internship Reading. The Atlas quiz can be found at Quiz 13 – Recognizing Values and Managing Oneself. All 15 quizzes for Atlas206 Internship Reading are available at Concept Quizzes for Atlas206 Internship Reading.

Topic learning outcome

Recognition of the importance of taking account of differences in value systems and personality types and awareness of the most commonly referenced frameworks for characterizing these differences, including the concepts below.

Core concepts associated with this topic
Haidt’s 6 Innate Moral Foundations Intrinsic Motivation

Motivation

Myers-Briggs Personality Type Indicator (MBTI)
Recommended 2 hours of study for Week 12 of Atlas206 Internship Reading

Concept pages in Recognizing Values and Managing Oneself

Jonathan Haidt (2012), The Righteous Mind: Why good people are divided by politics and religion. Random House, Toronto, Chapter 7, at http://righteousmind.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/ch07.RighteousMind.final_.pdf, accessed 9 January 2016.

Jonathan Haidt (2012), “Religion, evolution, and the ecstasy of self-transcendence.” http://www.ted.com/talks/jonathan_haidt_humanity_s_stairway_to_self_transcendence.html

The MindTools Editorial Team, Developing Resilience – Overcoming and Growing From Setbacks, at https://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/resilience.htm, accessed 23 February 2016.

Susan Heathfield, Take Responsibility for Your Life, at http://humanresources.about.com/od/success/qt/responsible_s5.htm, accessed 16 February 2016.

Complete Quiz 13 – Recognizing Values and Managing Oneself.

Recommended 10 hours of study for Atlas109 Leadership and Communication

Concept pages above and concept comprehension questions at bottom of this page.

K. A. Cherry, (2014). The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator – An Overview of the MBTI at http://psychology.about.com/od/psychologicaltesting/a/myers-briggs-type-indicator.htm, accessed 31 December 2015.

Center for Applications of Psychological Type. “MBTI Overview.” http://www.capt.org/mbti-assessment/mbti-overview.htm

Type Logic. “Frequently Asked Questions.” http://typelogic.com/faq.html

Michael Moffa (n.d.) “A Critique of The Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI).” http://www.recruiter.com/i/critique-of-the-myers-briggs-type-indicator-critique/

HumanMetrics. “Jung Typology Test.” http://www.humanmetrics.com/cgi-win/jtypes2.asp

Jordan Peterson (2013), Reality and the Sacred, 56 minute video lecture, at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2c3m0tt5KcE, accessed 12 December 2016.

Jonathan Haidt (2012), The Righteous Mind: Why good people are divided by politics and religion. Random House, Toronto, Chapter 7, at http://righteousmind.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/ch07.RighteousMind.final_.pdf, accessed 9 January 2016.

Jonathan Haidt (2012), “Religion, evolution, and the ecstasy of self-transcendence.” http://www.ted.com/talks/jonathan_haidt_humanity_s_stairway_to_self_transcendence.html

MoralFoundations.org at http://www.moralfoundations.org/, including the “Moral Foundations Questionnaire.”

Recommended readings in MPP and MPA courses 

From Toronto PPG2014

Jung’s Theory of Psychological Types and the MBTI® Instrument: Read the brief description of the theory on the MBTI Overview page of Center for Applications of Psychological Type (http://www.capt.org/mbti-assessment/mbti-overview.htm). For another description of the meaning of the terms see the FAQ page of TypeLogic.com at http://typelogic.com/faq.html. Look at the estimated distribution of types in the (US) population at the at http://www.capt.org/mbti-assessment/estimated-frequencies.htm including the gender differences. For a popularized description of MBTI types and a list of famous people who (allegedly) have that type, see the My Personality web page at http://www.mypersonality.info/personality-types/famous-people/. For a skeptic’s critique of the value of MBTI as a hiring tool see Michael Moffa’s two-part blog entry starting at http://www.recruiter.com/i/critique-of-the-myers-briggs-type-indicator-critique

Optional but highly recommended: Take the HumanMetrics free Jung Typology Test at http://www.humanmetrics.com/cgi-win/jtypes2.asp and when you have your profile, read an interpretation of that profile (and some of the others that may intrigue you) on the TypeLogic website at http://typelogic.com/index.html.

Haidt, Jonathan (2012). The Righteous Mind: Why good people are divided by politics and religion. Random House, Toronto. Introduction (6 pages), Part II (99 pages), with particular attention to the six “innate moral foundations.”

Watch the Haidt’s TED Talk entitled “Religion, evolution, and the ecstasy of self-transcendence” at http://www.ted.com/talks/jonathan_haidt_humanity_s_stairway_to_self_transcendence.html.

Also optional but highly recommended: take the Moral Foundations Questionnaire on Haidt’s YourMorals.Org (http://www.moralfoundations.org/) and see how your scores on the moral foundations compare with those of self-declared (mostly American) Liberals and Conservatives. (This requires a registration and your results become part of the ongoing survey.)

Jonathan Haidt’s 18-minute TED talk in 2008 entitled “The moral roots of liberals and conservatives” at http://www.ted.com/talks/jonathan_haidt_on_the_moral_mind.html.

On Love and Public Policy (speech by Parker Mitchell and George Roter to the Public Policy Forum in Toronto, April 26, 2007) (link here: http://legacy.ewb.ca/en/whatsnew/ppfspeech07.html)

Christopher Hitchens (2010), Hitch-22: A Memoir, Pages 9-31 and 402-421, The Hatchette Book Group, New York.

Two lesbians raised a baby and this is what they got, Zach Wahl’s address to Iowa legislature, fall 2011 (video link here: http://front.moveon.org/two-lesbians-raised-a-baby-and-this-is-what-they-got/#.TtbO5Rf_RIq.facebook).

What really makes Canada great, Brian Lee Crowley, in Ottawa Citizen, July 2, 2011 (link here: http://www.macdonaldlaurier.ca/mlis-brian-crowley-discusses-what-really-makes-canada-great-in-the-ottawa-citizen/).

Marshall Ganz, Leading Change: Leadership, Organization and Social Movements, (available at http://leadingchangenetwork.com/files/2012/05/Chapter-19-Leading-Change-Leadership-Organization-and-Social-Movements.pdf).

Kenwyn K. Smith and David N. Berg, Paradoxes of Group Life, Chapter 5 (“Paradoxes of Belonging”) and Chapter 6 (“Paradoxes of Engaging”).

Susan Delacourt. (2013.) Shopping for Votes: How Politicians Choose Us and We Choose Them. Chapter 5, The Brand Wagon, pages 142-174. Douglas and McIntyre, Madeira Park, BC.

Concept comprehension questions

CCQ206.13.01. Among the statements a-d pertaining to the term motivation choose the one that is most valid or choose e if all are reasonably valid.

a. Motivation is defined as the process that initiates, guides, and maintains goal-oriented behaviours.

b. The three major components of motivation are drives and needs, arousal, and instincts.

c. The drives and needs theory of motivation suggests that people are motivated to engage in behaviours that help them maintain their optimal level needs.

d. The arousal theory of motivation suggests that many of our behaviours such as eating, drinking and sleeping are motivated by biology.

e. All of a-d are reasonably valid.

CCQ206.13.02. Among the statements a-d pertaining to intrinsic motivation choose the one that is invalid or choose e if all are reasonably valid.

a. Intrinsic motivation can be enhanced with extrinsic rewards such as bonuses.

b. Offering external rewards or reinforcements for an already internally rewarding activity can actually make the activity less intrinsically rewarding.

c. People are more creative when they are intrinsically motivated.

d. In work settings, productivity can be increased by using extrinsic rewards such as bonuses, but the actual quality of the work performed is influenced by intrinsic factors.

e. All of a-d are reasonably valid.

CCQ206.13.03. Among the statements a-d pertaining to Haidt’s 6 innate moral foundations choose the one that is invalid or choose e if all are reasonably valid.

a. The sanctity/degradation foundation was shaped by the psychology of disgust and contamination.

b. The loyalty/betrayal foundation was likely shaped by the experience of hierarchical social interactions that developed in post-hunter-gatherer societies.

c. The care/harm foundation is related to our long evolution as mammals with attachment systems and an ability to feel (and dislike) the pain of others.

d. The liberty/oppression foundation is about the feelings of reactance and resentment people feel toward those who dominate them and restrict their liberty.

e. All of a-d are reasonably valid.

CCQ206.13.04. Among the statements a-d pertaining to the Myers-Briggs Personality Type Indicator (MBTI) choose the one that is invalid or choose e if all are reasonably valid.

a. The Myers-Briggs Personality Type Indicator (MBTI) is a self-inventory designed to identify a person’s personality type, strengths, and preferences, and it is currently one of the most widely used psychological instruments in the world.

b. The questionnaire is made up of four scales: extraversion/introversion, sensing/intuition, thinking/feeling, judging/perceiving.

c. Studies have found between 40 and 75 percent of respondents receive a different result after completing the inventory a second time.

d. There are no substantial gender differences in the distribution of MBTI scores.

c. All of a-d are reasonably valid.

Atlas topic, subject and course

Recognizing Values (core topic) in Leadership Skills and Atlas109.

Page created by: Ian Clark, last modified on 18 April 2017.

Image: The Jury Expert, at http://www.thejuryexpert.com/2008/11/do-liberals-and-conservatives-punish-differently/, accessed on 3 January 2016.