Distinctions between Race, Ethnicity, Nationality, and Culture
TheyDiffer.com (reference below) describes the distinctions between race, ethnicity, nationality, and culture:
“While all of these refer to the distinction of one community from another, they do have differences.
“Race refers to a group of people who possess similar and distinct physical characteristics … such as skin color or hair type. In other words, race constitutes a human population that is distinct in a way from other human groups based on their physical differences, imagined or not.”
“Ethnicity or ethnic group refers to a category of people who regard themselves to be different from other groups based on common ancestral, cultural, national, and social experience. … One must share a common cultural heritage, ancestry, history, homeland, language/dialect, mythology, ritual, cuisine, art, religion, and physical appearance to be considered as a member of an ethnic group.
“Nationality pertains to the country of citizenship meaning it generally refers to where a person was born and holds citizenship. It is the legal relationship between a person and a sovereign state.
“Culture is the way of life that consists of the general customs and beliefs of a particular group of people. It generally means the non-biological or social aspects of human life which is basically anything that humans learn in a society. A bit similar to ethnicity, but is often used to refer specifically to the symbolic markers used by ethnic groups to distinguish themselves visibly from each other.”
Comparison chart from TheyDiffer.com
|Refers to identification of people into groups based on various sets of physical characteristics||Refers to people who identify themselves based on common ancestral, cultural, national, and social experience||Refers to the country of citizenship||Refers to the beliefs, values, norms and practices that are learnt and shared generation by generation|
|Caucasian (Aryans, Hamites, Semites), Mongolian (Northern Mongolian, Japanese and Korean, Tibetan, Malayan), and Negroid (African, Melanesians, Australian Aborigine)||Pashtun, Bengali, English, Scottish, American Indian, Welsh etc.||Americans, Germans, Russians, Nigerians, British, Greeks etc.||African, American, Austrian, Asian, Russian etc.|
Khan Academy video
TheyDiffer.com provides the following link to a Khan Academy 6-minute video on race and ethnicity.
TheyDiffer.com (2016), Difference between Race, Ethnicity, Nationality, and Culture, at http://theydiffer.com/difference-between-race-ethnicity-nationality-and-culture/, accessed 18 December 2016.
Khan Academy (2014), Demographic structure of society – race and ethnicity, at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4WIiConeatM, accessed 25 December 2016.
Page created by: Ian Clark, last modified on 5 February 2017.
Image: Dauntless Jaunter, Ethnicity, Nationality, Race, Heritage, and Culture, at https://www.dauntlessjaunter.com/2012/03/26/ethnicity-nationality-race-heritage-culture/, accessed 25 December 2016.