African Governance Report

AfricanGovernanceSummary

The African Governance Report (AGR) measures a progress towards good governance in Africa.

Main Points

The AGR first edition was the result of extensive research covering governance practices in 27 African countries undertaken by the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) through national research institutions, which altogether sampled opinions from over 50,000 households and 2,000 experts. The findings, which were submitted to ECA between 2002 and 2004, were subjected to a rigorous process of reviews that involved both national and international experts working on governance, political and economic issues.

The second edition of the AGR is available and it covers 35 African countries.

The progress towards good governance in Africa is measured by introduction of 83 indicators grouped into several clusters of index construction, there are:

Political representation

  • Political system Democratic pluralism, executive formation mode, parliamentary election mode, decision participation mechanism, democratic framework acceptance, electoral system credibility
  • Power distribution Parliamentary election mode, regional assemblies membership, local assemblies membership, constitutional checks and balances status, legislature’s independence, legislature’s control, judiciary’s independence
  • Political party freedom and security Parliamentary election mode, regional assemblies membership, local assemblies membership, decision participation mechanism, democratic frame work acceptance, electoral system credibility, electoral authority’s legitimacy, election security, public media access
  • Electoral process independence and credibility Electoral system credibility, electoral law credibility, electoral authority legitimacy, electoral authority’s fairness, election security, public media access, election transparency, election control

Institutional effectiveness and accountability

  • Legislature’s effectiveness Constitutional checks and balances status, legislature’s independence, legislature’s control, parliamentary debate relevance, parliamentary opposition strength, legislature’s corruption status, judiciary’s independence, executive’s independence
  • Judiciary effectiveness Legislature’s independence, judiciary’s independence, judges appointment mode, court access, justice access, judiciary’s corruption status, executive’s independence

Executive’s effectiveness

  • Management of state structure Legislature’s independence, judiciary’s independence, executive’s independence, senior appointees’ composition, executive’s corruption status, civil service accountability, government accountability, government services’ efficiency, local government accountability, resource allocation, local government capacity, government responsiveness
  • Civil service transparency, accountability and accessibility Civil service management criteria, civil service accountability, civil service perceptions, government accountability, government transparency
  • Efficiency of government services Government services’ efficiency, access to government services, services’ relevance to poor, services’ relevance to women, local government accountability, resource allocation, government responsiveness
  • Decentralization of structures Local government accountability, resource allocation, local government capacity, community participation, government responsive- ness

Human rights and rule of law

  • Respect for human rights Decision participation mechanism, democratic frame- work acceptance, court access, justice access, respect for human rights, human rights reporting effectiveness, human rights violations reporting, women’s rights violations reporting, actions against human rights violations, actions against women’s rights violations, effectiveness of watchdog organizations
  • Respect for the rule of law Constitutional checks and balances status, leader- ship’s respect for rule of law, police respect for human rights, citizen’s confidence in law enforcement organs, monitoring violations by police and prisons, civil society organizations’ monitoring of violations by police and prisons, penalty for violations of human rights by police, participation in conflict resolution, watchdog organizations independence from executive, enabling government practices and policies, tax system equitability, tax system influence on local investment, tax system influence on foreign investment
  • Law enforcement organs Law enforcement officials’ recruitment criteria, police force composition, police training, police equipment, watchdog organizations’ independence from executive, effectiveness of watchdog organizations

Civil society organizations and media independence

  • Civil society organizations’ independence, civil society organizations’ role in conflict management, civil society organizations’ influence on policy and programs, civil society organizations’ role in promoting accountability and transparency, mass media independence

Economic management

  • Investment policies attractiveness Enabling support for private sector, government support for private sector, enabling environment for private sector, private sector participation in policymaking, enabling government practices and policies, effect of crime on business, partnership of private and public sectors
  •  Pro-investment tax policies Government services efficiency, enabling environment for private sector, tax system influence on local investment, tax system influence on foreign investment, tax system influence on business
  • Tax system efficiency and corruption Tax system equity, tax collection efficiency, tax evasion, tax collection corruption, tax system transparency

Control of corruption

  • Legislature’s corruption status, justice access, judiciary’s corruption status, executive’s corruption, government services’ efficiency, access to government services, tax collection corruption

The dataset covers most of the African countries.

Source: African Governance Report (1st and 2nd editions) http://www.uneca.org/publications/african-governance-report-i

Page created by:  Madina Junussova in 2013, last modified by Ian Clark on 13 December 2015. The content presented on this page is drawn directly from the source(s) cited above, and consists of direct quotations or close paraphrases. This material does not necessarily reflect the official view of the publishing organization.