Behavioural Economics
Capitalism
Economic Efficiency
Economics
Economics and Ideology
Econometrics
Incentives and Introduction to Economics
International Economics
Macroeconomics
Marginal and Marginalism
Market Failure
Microeconomics
Political Economy
Public Finance
Public Choice Theory
Socialism
There Ain’t No Such Thing As A Free Lunch – TANSTAAFL
Unintended Consequences
Utility
Welfare Economics
Change in Demand vs. Change in Quantity Demanded
Change in Supply vs. Change in Quantity Supplied
Consumer Surplus
Demand Curve
Demand Curve Shifts
Gains from Trade
Market Equilibrium
Normal Good vs. Inferior Good
Producer Surplus
Supply Curve
Supply Curve Shifts
Elasticity of Demand
Elasticity of Demand and Total Revenue
Elasticity of Supply
Midpoint Formula for Elasticity
Benefit of a Subsidy – Economic vs. Legal Incidence
Burden of a Tax – Economic vs. Legal Incidence
Commodity Taxes
Subsidies
Tax Revenue and Deadweight Loss
Wage Subsidies vs. Minimum Wage
Price as Signal and Incentive
Markets Link Geographically
Markets Link Different Goods
Markets Link Over Time – Speculation
Futures
Prediction Markets
Price Ceilings
Rent Control
Price Floors
Minimum Wage
Airline Regulation and Wasteful Quality
Why Do Governments Enact Price Controls?
Price Controls and Communism
Comparative Advantage
Trade and Differing Preferences
Trade and Specialization
Trade and Comparative Advantage
Supply and Demand Effects of Tariffs
Comparative Advantage
Trade and Differing Preferences
Trade and Specialization
Trade and Comparative Advantage
Supply and Demand Effects of Tariffs
Free Trade
Imports
Exports
Absolute Advantage
Division of Labour
Division of Knowledge
Pareto Efficiency
Protectionism
Tariff
Quota
Externality
Command and Control Solutions vs. Taxes and Subsidies
Coase Theorem
Tradable Allowances
Private Cost
External Cost
Social Cost
Private Benefit
External Benefit
Private Benefit
Social Surplus
Bystanders Surplus
Efficient Equilibrium
Deadweight Loss
Pigouvian Tax
Pigouvian Subsidy
Transaction Costs
Maximizing Profit under Competition
Entry, Exit, and Sunk Costs
Increasing Cost Industries
Constant Cost Industries
Industry Clusters and Decreasing Cost Industries
Minimization of Total Industry Costs of Production
Balance of Industries and Creative Destruction
Producer Theory
Producer Theory Calculus
Average Cost
Marginal Cost
Total Cost
Fixed Costs
Variable Costs
Total Revenue
Profit
Sunk Costs
Breakeven Price
Normal Profit
Abovenormal Profit
Perfect Competition
Production Possibility Frontier
Marginal Revenue
Creative Destruction
Maximizing Profit under Monopoly
Monopoly Pricing and Elasticity of Demand
Costs and Benefits of Monopoly
Price Discrimination
Tying
Bundling
Monopoly Markup
Barriers to Entry
Monopoly
Patents
Market Power
Economies of Scale
Innovation
Static Efficiency
Dynamic Efficiency
Arbitrage
Perfect Price Discrimination
Marginal Product of Labour
Human Capital and Signaling
Compensating Differentials
Unions and Wages
Derived Demand
Human Capital
Sheepskin (or Credential) Effects
Marginal Revenue Product of Labour
Public Good
Club Good
Common Resource
Free Riding
Forced Rider
Excludable Good
Nonexcludable Good
Rival Good
Nonrival Good
Tragedy of the Commons
Asymmetric Information
Asymmetric Information and Insurance
Moral Hazard
Signaling
PrincipalAgent Problem
Adverse Selection
Propitious Selection
Game Theory
Prisoners’ Dilemma

Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Inflation
National Spending vs Factor Income Components of GDP
Nominal vs. Real GDP
Real GDP Per Capita and the Standard of Living
Contributors to Growth
Growth Miracles and Growth Disasters
Growth Rates and National Wealth
Hockey Stick of Human Prosperity
Innovation and Growth
Ratio (Logarithmic) Scale
Rule of 70
Institutions and Growth
National Wealth
Physical Capital and Diminishing Returns
Solow Model and the Steady State
Solow Model of Economic Growth
Aggregate Demand

What are Statistics?
Importance of Statistics
Descriptive Statistics
Inferential Statistics
Variables
Percentiles
Levels of Measurement
Distributions
Summation Notation
Linear Transformations
Logarithms
Qualitative Variables
Quantitative Variables
Stem and Leaf Displays
Histograms
Frequency Polygons
Box Plots
Box Plot Demonstration
Bar Charts
Line Graphs
Dot Plots
Central Tendency
What is Central Tendency
Measures of Central Tendency
Median and Mean
Additional Measures
Comparing measures
Variability
Measures of Variability
Estimating Variance Simulation
Shape
Effects of Transformations
Variance Sum Law I
Introduction to Bivariate Data
Values of the Pearson Correlation
Guessing Correlations Simulation
Properties of Pearson’s r
Computing Pearson’s r
Restriction of Range
Variance Sum Law II
Introduction to Probability
Basic Concepts
Conditional Probability
Gambler’s Fallacy
Permutations and Combinations
Birthday Simulation
Binomial Distribution
Binomial Demonstration
Poisson Distribution
Multinomial Distribution
Hypergeometric Distribution
Base Rates
Bayes’ Theorem
Monty Hall Problem
Scientific Method
Measurement
Basics of Data Collection
Sampling Bias
Experimental Designs
Causation
Introduction to Normal Distributions
History
Areas of Normal Distributions
Varieties of Normal Distributions
Standard Normal
Normal Approximation to the Binomial
QQ Plots
Contour Plots
3D Plots
Introduction to Sampling
Sample Size
Central Limit Theorem
Sampling Distribution of the Mean
Sampling Distribution of Difference Between Means
Sampling Distribution of Pearson’s r
Sampling Distribution of a Proportion
Introduction to Estimation
Degrees of Freedom
Characteristics of Estimators
Bias and Variability Simulation
Confidence Intervals
Introduction to Confidence Intervals
Confidence Interval for the Mean
t distribution
Confidence Interval Simulation
Confidence Interval for the Difference Between Means
Confidence Interval for Pearson’s Correlation
Confidence Interval for a Proportion
Introduction to Hypothesis Testing
Significance Testing
Type I and Type II Errors
One and TwoTailed Tests
Interpreting Significant Results
Interpreting NonSignificant Results
Steps in Hypothesis Testing
Significance Testing and Confidence Intervals
Misconceptions
Single Mean
t Distribution Demo
Difference between Two Means (Independent Groups)
Robustness Simulation
All Pairwise Comparisons Among Means
Specific Comparisons
Difference between Two Means (Correlated Pairs)
Correlated t Simulation
Specific Comparisons (Correlated Observations)
Pairwise Comparisons (Correlated Observations)
Power and Null Hypothesis
Factors Affecting Power
Introduction to Simple Linear Regression
Linear Fit Demo
Partitioning Sums of Squares
Standard Error of the Estimate
Inferential Statistics for b and r
Influential Observations
Regression Toward the Mean
Introduction to Multiple Regression
Introduction to ANOVA
ANOVA Designs
OneFactor ANOVA (BetweenSubjects)
OneWay Comparisons
MultiFactor ANOVA (BetweenSubjects)
Unequal Sample Sizes
Tests Supplementing ANOVA
WithinSubjects ANOVA
Power of WithinSubjects Designs
Log
Tukey’s Ladder of Powers
BoxCox Transformations
Chi Square Distribution
OneWay Tables (Testing Goodness of Fit)
Testing Distributions Demo
Contingency Tables
2 x 2 Table Simulation
Benefits of DistributionFree Tests
Randomization Tests – Association (Pearson’s r)
Randomized Tests – Contingency Tables (Fisher’s Exact Test)
Rank Randomization Tests – Two Conditions (MannWhitney U, Wilcoxon Rank Sum)
Rank Randomization Tests – Two or More Conditions (KruskalWallis)
Rank Randomization Tests – Association (Spearman’s ρ)
Proportions
Difference between Means
Variance Explained 
Policy Analysis and Policy Evaluation
Klitgaard’s Policy Analysis and Evaluation Version 2.0
Contrasting Purposes of Evaluation
Categories of Program Evaluation
Process Evaluation
Efficiency Evaluation
Impact Evaluation
Logic Models
CostBenefit Analysis in Evaluation
CostEffectiveness Analysis
Discount Rate
Net Present Value (NPV)
