Social Cost

… a core term used in Economic Analysis and Atlas102


Alex Tabarrok (reference below) defines social cost is the cost to everyone – the sum of private cost and external cost.

  • Private cost – the cost paid by the consumer or the producer (see Private Cost)
  • External cost – a cost paid by bystanders, by people other than the consumer or producer (see External Cost)
  • Social cost – the cost to everyone: the private cost + external cost
Atlas topic, subject, and course

Externalities (core topic) in Economic Analysis and Atlas102 Economic Analysis.


Alex Tabarrok, minute 4:42 of An Introduction to Externalities (12-minute video), Principles of Economics – Microeconomics, Marginal Revolution University, at, accessed 6 May 2016.

Page created by: Ian Clark, last modified 6 May 2016.