Wikipedia defines national security as the security of a nation state, including its citizens, economy, and institutions, and is regarded as a duty of government.
“Originally conceived as protection against military attack, national security is now widely understood to include non-military dimensions, including the security from terrorism, crime, economic security, energy security, environmental security, food security, cyber security etc. Similarly, national security risks include, in addition to the actions of other nation states, action by violent non-state actors, narcotic cartels, and multinational corporations, and also the effects of natural disasters.
“Governments rely on a range of measures, including political, economic, and military power, as well as diplomacy to enforce national security. They may also act to build the conditions of security regionally and internationally by reducing transnational causes of insecurity, such as climate change, economic inequality, political exclusion, and nuclear proliferation.”
To see how one middle-power government represents the principal elements of national security, it is interesting to view the Government of Canada’s webpage on national security. On 11 May 2019, the page lists:
- Counter-terrorism – Canada’s efforts to counter global and domestic terrorist threats, and promote national peace and security.
- Espionage and Foreign Influence – Learn more about foreign interference and espionage threats to Canada.
- Critical infrastructure – How Canada strengthens its essential services through programs and partnerships.
- Counter proliferation – How Canada and its partners work to counter the increase of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear weapons.
- Cyber security – Potential risks of your online activities and how to stay safe when you are connected.
- Canada’s national terrorism threat levels – Learn about the terrorism threat levels in Canada and how they help keep Canadians safe.
- Security screening – Security screening programs for individuals and businesses.
- National Security Transparency Commitment – The Government’s commitment to ensure democratic values are reflected in Government activities to protect Canada.
- Our Security, Our Rights – Learn about Canada’s proposed National Security Act, 2017 and how it will protect our security, and our rights.
Atlas topic, subject, and course
University of Texas at San Antonio, Department of Political Science and Geography, Why Global Affairs, at http://colfa.utsa.edu/polisci-geography/about-global-affairs, accessed 11 March 2019.
University of Toronto, Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy, Master of Global Affairs, at https://munkschool.utoronto.ca/student-programs/, accessed 11 March 2019.
Page created by: Ian Clark and Bryan Roh, last modified 11 March 2019.
Image: DaMajority, Taiwan Joins Saint Lucia Government to Boost RSLPF and National Security, at https://www.damajority.com/taiwan-joins-saint-lucia-government-boost-rslpf-national-security/, accessed 11 March 2019.