Gender Differences in Personality

… an Atlas concept in Socioeconomic and Political Context and Atlas105


Writing in Psychology Today, Dario Maestripieri (reference below) summarizes the results of a 2012 study that concludes that gender differences in personality are larger than previously thought.

Maestripieri writes:

“A new study confirms that men’s minds come from Mars and women’s from Venus. In an article recently published in the online journal PLoS ONE, Italian cognitive psychologist Marco Del Giudice and his collaborators compared the personality traits of men and women in a sample of over 10,000 people and found huge differences. Women scored much higher than in men in Sensitivity, Warmth, and Apprehension, while men scored higher than women in Emotional Stability, Dominance, Rule-Consciousness, and Vigilance. When many personality traits were considered simultaneously, there was only a 10% overlap between the distributions of these traits in men and women. Essentially, the study suggests that when it comes to personality men and women belong to two different species. …

“From an evolutionary perspective, large differences in personality between the sexes make perfect sense. Divergent sexual selection pressures on men and women are expected to produce substantial differences in personality traits that influence mating and reproductive strategies. …

“Del Giudice and colleagues conclude that from an evolutionary perspective personality traits are clearly not neutral with respect to sexual selection. “Instead, there are grounds to expect robust and wide-ranging sex differences in this area, resulting in strongly sexually differentiated patterns of emotion, thought, and behavior – as if there were two human natures.””

Atlas topic, subject, and course

Gender Inequality (core topic) in Socioeconomic and Political Context and Atlas105.


Dario Maestripieri (2012), Gender Differences in Personality Are Larger than Previously Thought, Psychology Today, 14 January 2012, at, accessed 13 March 2017.

Del Giudice, M., Booth, T., and Irwing, P. (2012). The distance between Mars and Venus: Measuring global sex differences in personality. PLoS ONE 7(1): e29265.

Page created by: Ian Clark, last modified 13 March 2017.

Image: Berkeley Lab, at, accessed 13 March 2017.