Efficiency Evaluation

… a core concept used in Evaluation and Performance Measurement and Atlas108

Concept description

Leslie Pal (reference below) describes the nature of an efficiency evaluation.

Pal writes (p. 288):

“Even if a policy achieves all its objectives and impacts, this might be at an exorbitant cost. Having the desired impact means a policy is effective, but if it is achieved only at great cost, it may not be efficient. Two major techniques are typically used to address this sort of concern: cost-benefit analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis. Both techniques focus on the problem of resource allocation, since the issue of efficiency in public programs is really the issue of alternative and superior allocations of scarce resources. For a detailed overview, see Rossi, Lipsey, and Freeman (2004, Chapter 11).

See also: Categories of Program Evaluation; Process Evaluation; Impact Evaluation.

Atlas topic, subject, and course

The Study of Evaluation and Performance Measurement in the Public Sector (core topic) in Evaluation and Performance Measurement and Atlas108 Analytic Methods and Evaluation.


Leslie Pal (2014), Beyond Policy Analysis – Public Issue Management in Turbulent Times, Fifth Edition, Nelson Education, Toronto. See Beyond Policy Analysis – Book Highlights.

Rossi, P. H., Lipsey, M. W., & Freeman, H. E. (2004). Evaluation: A systematic approach (7th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Page created by: Ian Clark, last modified 14 April 2017.

Image: Human Efficiency Evaluator, https://www.humanics.eu/, at accessed 11 April 2017.